Spotlight on middle childhood: Rejuvenating the ‘forgotten years’ (part 5)

Cognitive and social development  Middle childhood is when children transition from dependent preschoolers to young individuals with an active role in their family and community structures. Their thoughts become more abstract, their behaviours and emotions more controlled and their decisions more independent. It is during middle childhood when neurons responsible for cognition, language and social skills are being consolidated.

From seven to 11 years of age, children gain cognitive control, with an increasing ability to respond selectively to stimuli and begin to process and understand material effectively. Feedback loops between the forebrain and midbrain transform, thus enabling flexible regulation of thoughts and actions in the presence of competing stimuli. Language control has a more prolonged maturation process, with gray matter maturation in the cortex of the temporal and frontal lobes stretching into adolescence. These rich periods of neuromaturation are the best time to expose children to an array of experiences which can strengthen the number and precision of these connections, and enhance their cognitive abilities and language capacity.
Socially, during middle childhood, children shift from an inward view of the world to an outward view. At seven years of age, children become more aware of their own feelings, realizing that they are distinct from others and, as such, they then begin to consider the feelings of others. The ability to do so requires a certain level of intelligence, communication, insight, empathy, altruism and morality. Morality is a progressive occurrence moving from an absolute sense of the rules to being able to analyze rules and judge what is right or wrong. Forming this prosocial behaviour of considering another’s point of view, with controlled emotion and empathetic insight, is dependent on genetics to a degree, but is largely dependent on parental guidance and modelling. It is at the same time, from six to 10 years of age, that children come to understand stereotypes. Thus, how one comes to view and interact with the world as adults is largely established during middle childhood. Take advantage of this unique opportunity to pay less money and get yourself a trusted pharmacy where you can always enjoy a chance to buy ortho tri-cyclen online and be sure you will enjoy lowest prices online.

Category: Rejuvenating

Tags: Development, Neurobehavioural, Physical activity

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