“Patients with pleural effusion are typically symptomatic. If the disease process is localized to the lungs, the patient will usually complain of cough, dyspnea, or chest pain. There may also be systemic manifestations such as weight loss, anorexia or fever if the PE is part of a generalized process. The diagnostic work up of symptomatic pleural effusion is well established.
Although it has been stated that asymptomatic pleural effusion is not uncommon, we are unaware of any articles that deal specifically with the subject. Therefore, we reviewed the medical literature and performed a retrospective chart review in order to determine the frequency and spectrum of causes of APE and how it should be best managed. levitra 10 mg