Focus Group Interviews on Racial and Ethnic Attitudes



Vaccinations have dramatically improved the health of Americans, but many, including racial and ethnic minorities, still do not have adequate immunization. Compelling evidence supports annual influenza vaccination in patients age >50 years and one pneumococcal vaccination in all persons age >65 years. It is poorly understood why racial and ethnic minorities are less likely to utilize adult immunizations. Some data suggest that educational, logistical, and psychological factors may affect a patient’s utilization of preventive medicine, particularly adult vaccinations. Even among those with access to healthcare, and among recipients of Medicare and Medicaid health insurance programs—which pay for influenza and pneumococcal vaccines—rates of adult vaccinations remain lower among minorities than among their white counterparts.

This study describes racial and ethnic attitudes, knowledge, and perceptions about adult immunizations among adults who had not routinely received adult vaccinations as recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service. The authors aimed to better understand and assess barriers to adult immunizations in order to help healthcare providers and public health agencies develop more effective intervention and vaccination promotion programs. Specifically, this study provides research-based information regarding the viability of vaccine-related intervention activities in faith-based organizations. Our specific research questions were: 1) What are the attitudes and perceptions of African-American and Latino adults regarding adult vaccinations? 2) Were participants adequately informed about adult vaccinations? and 3) Do African-American and Latino adults perceive faith-based organizations as a suitable setting to receive adult immunizations? discount drugs canda


So Many Advances in Medicine, So Many Yet to Come