MATERIALS AND METHODS
At the University of llorin Teaching Hospital, llorin, Nigeria, which is a 450-bed hospital, a total of 3,327 major operations (males: 2,097, females: 1,230) were performed during the period January 1997 to December 2001. This was excluding the obstetrics and gynecology procedures.
All cases of cholelithiasis and cholecystitis seen in the University of llorin Teaching Hospital from January 1997 to December 2001 were studied prospectively. Only those who had surgical operation and histological confirmation of the diagnosis were included in the study.
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The patients with acute cholecystitis were initially managed nonoperatively and had elective cholecystectomy six weeks later. Forty-six patients had cholecystectomy, which constituted 1.4% of major operations during the period and 3.1% (38/1,230) of major operations in females during the period. All the patients had prophylactic antibiotics online for the cholecystectomy.
The patients’ demographic details, clinical presentation (including weight and height), hemoglobin genotype, findings at surgical operation and histological result of removed gallbladder specimen and outcome were studied.
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Analysis of data was done using EPI Info 6.03. (Centers for Disease Control). Findings were presented in tables and graphs as appropriate.